Mishna Shabbat 3

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1. A double sided cylindrical oven heated with straw or stubble? Cooked food may be placed thereon to stay warm during Shabbat ; peat and wood may also be used , but food may not be set to warm before they are spread and stoked . Bet Shahm’I maintain that hamin alone can be warmed but Bet Hillel rule that both hamin and cooked food can be warmed . Bat Shahm’I rule that one may remove food but not put it back, whereas Bet Hillel maintain that one may be remove food from the oven and place it back.

2. An oven heated with straw or stubble? Do not place anything therein . If it fuels a brazier, however , this is regarded as a cylindrical oven with stovetop with one element to warm. Peat or wood? It remains an oven

3. Do not put an egg near a samovar so that it cooks on all sides ; nor may you split it open inside a wrapper . Rebbe Yosé, however, permits this. Neither bury it in sand nor in the dust of the road for cooking .

4. It so happened that in Tiberias that a cold water tank was immersed in a hot water spring. The Sages said to them in Tiberias “If this is done on Shabbat it is the same as boiling water on Shabbat, which is permitted neither for drinking nor washing. This is less problematic on yom tov: it is till prohibited to wash but one may drink it. A self-contained kettle? This is acceptable if the ashes have been removed. Not so a thermos.

5. A samovar cannot be removed so as to add more water for heating . Water may be added to cool hot water down; add it not to the samovar but to a second cup and then pour the hot water in. A saucepan or casserole dish removed while still hot enough to boil? Spices may not be added but can be placed on a side dish . Rebbe Yehuda permits the addition of anything to vinegar or brine.

6. A bowl beneath the light may not be used to collect the oil, even though it was placed before Shabbat begins, though one need not remove it; one may not use it for this purpose because it is an afterthought . A new lamp may be moved; an old one may not be moved . Rebbe Shimon states that every lamp may be moved, unless it is already lit for Shabbat. A container may be placed below the lamp to collect sparks; water may not be placed therein, for this would be extinguishing.